Tramadol abuse is becoming very common, in spite of the fact that this pill was originally considered to be a less addictive opioid analgesic. Research from the world health organization has shown that, among opioid abusers, tramadol pill creates a craving response that is similar to that for oxycodone.
As a result, most of the people who have been addicted to stronger opioid drugs have also been addicted to this drug tramadol. This pill can hence induce drug-seeking behavior, and therefore it has the power and potential for individuals to develop dependence, tolerance, and subsequent addiction.
Addiction Potential of Tramadol
When Tramadol pill was first introduced, it was considered relatively safer alternative for treating as well as managing pain. It was considered that the tramadol’s low level of opioid medication unlike various other opioid drugs may give it a less addiction potential in comparison to other pain medicines.
Moreover, as defined in an article published in med page today, this assumption has proved to be false in few cases, specifically for the one who have drug abuse past history specifically opioid abuse. In few cases, this has led to overdose and sometimes death of people who have developed addiction and tolerance towards tramadol drug. After taking high doses of Tramadol, these people have finally ended up with same type of reactions to more strong opioids such as oxycodone, leading to fatal overdose.
Tramadol Physical dependence
An article in drug and alcohol dependence clearly demonstrates that tramadol drug affects gaba system of the brain, which is a neurochemical pathway which, when stimulated, lowers neuron activity by lowering dopamine production and other neurotransmitters. This system is often implicated in substance addiction and abuse, and it is regarded to be one of the potential mechanisms of addiction.
Physical dependence to tramadol drug has been established via WHO study, which clearly indicates that, while few studies depict only mild effects of the dependence on the medicine, while others have demonstrated a much stronger tendency toward mental and physical dependence which can lead to tramadol addiction. Again, the previous history of the substance abuse often contributes to those cases in which drug addiction is present.
Physical and Mental Effects
It’s physical and mental effects are somewhat similar to those of various other prescription pain relievers, including:
- Slow heart and breathing and rates
- Anxiety and depression Physical effects from injecting the drug, if applicable
- stomach upset, nausea and vomiting
- Confusion and inability to focus and concentrate
- lowered inhibitions and Increased risk-taking behaviors
All these effects may become uncomfortable, specifically when the person overdoses on the medicine. Overdose can finally lead to slow breathing which may result in the individual passing out, may become unresponsive, and experience coma or death.
Withdrawal from tramadol pill can result in uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, sometimes called as a discontinuation syndrome. The symptoms which arise after stopping tramadol usage may include:
All these above mentioned symptoms have been reported to be very uncomfortable and also disturbing. Since, tramadol pill is considered to be safe alternate, still few medical professionals do not provide a sound regimen for lowering the drug.